The fourth finger is often neglected when it comes to playing guitar. Well, rock/blues guitar, at least.
I notice players opt to do wide stretches between their second and third fingers rather than using the fourth.
As a result, the fourth finger is very underused and gets weak. This generally begins when someone first starts playing guitar. They gravitate to the stronger fingers so they can begin playing right away, so they use their fourth finger very infrequently and develop a style that excludes it.
By strengthening and using your fourth finger, many doors will open for you, playing-wise and eventually, you might even discover it’s even easier to play certain things. Aside from developing your fourth finger’s strength, the exercises below also can serve as efficient warmup exercises.
This first exercise is a pentatonic shape, string-skipping lick. If you want to work on hybrid picking, you can pluck the high E string with the middle finger of your right hand. I only covered the first position in the example to show what the pattern is, but you can take this lick up to the 12th fret. You will definitely feel this one after a few frets!
The second exercise is a take on a common chromatic finger exercise, but instead of using the first finger, you will use only the second, third and fourth fingers. The third and fourth fingers will get tired after a while, and the clarity of the notes might start to suffer, so slow it down if that becomes the case.
Remember, you always want to practice something and have it sound perfect, so slow it down if necessary. Once again, I only covered the first position in this example, but go up to the 12th fret. The finger pattern for this exercise is: 4 – 3 – 2 – 3
The third exercise might look familiar to those who checked out my “Flight of the Bumblebee” lesson. This exercise is the main theme. It’s a great workout for the fourth finger, since there is a five-fret jump between the first finger and the fourth, followed by a descending line with the 4-3-2 fingers and then the fourth again. I’m showing it in one position, but move this around the neck to work out the different fret spacings.
The left hand fingering for this should be:
4 – 3 – 2 - 1 – 1 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 4 – 3 – 2 – 1 – 1 – 2 – 3 – 4
The final exercise is a hammer-on/pull-off sequence. There are really two exercises in one. The first one works out fingers 1, 3 and 4. The second one works out fingers 1, 2 and 4. Try and work your way up to do each for around a minute, but start off for maybe 10 to 15 seconds at a time. This one will build up a lot of strength in your left hand.
Part 1 fingering: 1 – 4 – 1 – 3 – 1. Part 2 fingering: 1 – 4 – 1 – 2 - 1
These exercises/warmups are geared more for endurance as opposed to speed, so there's no need to try and blaze through them. Also, it's generally a good idea to dial in a sound that's not that forgiving, something that will let you hear the flaws and inconsistencies in your playing. Definitely use a dry sound with low gain if you use distortion. Try and be as honest as possible with yourself, and you will see quick results for all of your efforts.
Will Wallner is a guitarist from England who now lives in Los Angeles. He recently signed a solo deal with Polish record label Metal Mind Productions for the release of his debut album, which features influential musicians from hard rock and heavy metal. He also is the lead guitarist for White Wizzard (Earache Records) and toured Japan, the US and Canada in 2012. Follow Will on Facebook and Twitter.