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Re: Phrasing (with and without backing track)
4/20/2006 11:53 AM
Jon Riley (9697) wrote:
Not much I can add to Brian Elzey's response (with which I agree 100%) - but I'm not quite sure what you mean by "rhythm".
Solos (composed or improvised) are played over a set of chords, which are normally the chords of the verse or chorus. (Very rarely, a whole new sequence is used for a solo section.)
Those chords indicate the scales to be used in the solo.
If you're composing a solo line, then you can start to build other things out of the backing chords: harmonised lines. (I assume this is what you mean by "building on the rhythm side of things.")
The point I'm making is that the lead part doesn't come out of thin air; it's based on the chord sequence. So (in this sense) the rhythm comes first, not second.
The only time when chords follow the lead line is when you are composing a song from scratch. The traditional technique is to come up with a melody (vocal or instrumental), and then fit chords to it. The jazz approach is to then take those chords, and improvise new melodies, or melodic fragments, over them.
The chords still govern the improvisation.
Jazz is based on entirely improvised solos, which (of course) demand complete familiarity with the chord changes, and with whatever scale(s) they indicate or allow.
Composed solos are more common in rock - which is not a bad thing, because the function of the solo in rock is different to what it is in jazz. Rock in general is a more "composed" music than jazz. Rock fans like to hear the same things (great melodies, riffs or hook licks) over and over. Jazz fans hate to hear the same song played the same way twice.