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Mixing And Mastering 101 - Panning

Rob Carraher (1756) · [archive]
Style: Theory/Reference · Level: Intermediate · Tempo: 120
Pages: 1 2 3 4 5

Hello and welcome to the first lesson in this series - panning. I'm going to show you the panning basics, and maybe a panning trick or two.

  1. Page 1 - How do I pan?
  2. Page 2 - Panning Guitars/Basses
  3. Page 3 - Panning Drums
  4. Page 4 - Panning Vocals
  5. Page 5 - Overview
How do I pan?

Ok, so you've recorded your songs, but they sound awful, even though you played all the parts flawlessly! One thing that is overlooked is panning. Most mixers have a control knob that says 'Pan' or 'Panpot', this is the knob that relates to what we're going to be talking about.

Pan controls have a 'middle', a 'left' and a 'right'. Most pan controls can go up to 63 left, 63 right and 0 is always the 'middle'. That's going to be the format i'll use today.

Something that alot of people don't know when mixing, is that when different frequencies are 'overlapped' or, in the same spot on the pan control, there is great conflict, causing it to sound muddy and/or busy. How do we stop that?

Well, it's quite easy actually, all you have to do is make sure that no two tracks are on the same left or right pan control! That's IT! The following pages will show you come suggestions of how to pan what instrument or vocal. Pay attention, cause something so easy can end up frustrating.

Remember, if you ever have a question about this lesson, I can be reached at Therock4615@cs.com