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Each mode is numbered from the scale tone in C that it is based from. There is a chord that accompanies each numbered note and mode. Each chord could be considered the home chord, or the chord in a song that feels like it is at rest. Songs do not always start on the home chord, but they often do.
NOTE: The locrian mode (the 7th mode for the diminished chord) is at a disadvantage for holding it's own mode because of the lack of a perfect fifth, which constantly makes it feel off-balance, like it wants to resolve somewhere else. However, there are locrian grooves and they will be addressed. All of the other modes/chords are perfectly suitable to be the home mode/chord.
The chords based off each numbered tone in the Modes of C are as follows (triads only).
C MajorD minorE minorF MajorG MajorA minorB Diminished
1,4,5 are Major.
2,3,6 are minor.
7 is diminished.
If C sounds like HOME, like everything rests, all tension is momentarily released, we will use the C Ionian mode.
If D minor feels like home, we will use the D dorian mode
If E minor feels like the home chord when you arrive there, we will use the E Phrygian mode, etc.
Musical Mode Workout begins next page. Let's hear all this we've been talking about.