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Signs And Terms - Volume And Speed

Ian Loft (3442) · [archive]
Style: Theory/Reference · Level: Beginner · Tempo: 120
Pages: 1 2

VOLUME OR SOUND



  • Forte:---------------abbreviation-----f-----means loud!
  • piano:--------------abbreviation-----p-----means soft!
  • mezzo forte:-----abbreviation-----mf-----means moderately loud!
  • mezzo piano-----abbreviation-----mp-----means moderately soft
  • fortissimo----------abbreviation-----ff-----means very loud!
  • pianissimo---------abbreviation-----pp-----means very soft
  • crescendo---------abbreviation-----cresc--or--<-(hairpin symbol)----gradually becomming louder
  • decrescendo------abbreviation-----decres--or-->--(hairpin symbol)-----gradually becomming softer
  • diminuendo-----abbreviation and symbol is the same as decrescendo


  • The next page list will identify the terms used to describe how fast or slow a peice of music should be played