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Learn The Fretboard
I am fairly confident that you already know most of the notes on the LOW E string(Fattest),what you first need to do is memorise the notes on this string starting from fret 1.
These note are -F-|-F#-|-G-|-G#-|-A-|-A#-|-B-|-C-|-C#-|-D-|-D#-|-E-|--
For those of you that don't know Fret 13 is the same as fret 1,Fret 14 is the same as fret2 etc
Remembering the Low E string is vital for this to work,you need to be at a point where, if I were to ask you what note was on the Low E 5th fret you would say A instantly without thinking.
The sequence of notes you also need to memorise are A D G C F A# D# G# C# F# B E A
You see, no matter where you are on the fretboard, the notes in each fret follow the same order
On the fretboard, choose any starting note on the Low E (fattest) string on any fret & read the notes going upto the High E (thinnest string), you will see it follows the same order
UNTIL.... you get to the 2nd string(2nd Thinnest),because of the kink in the tuning of this string we have to adjust the order of notes
For example take the 5th fret the note order should read A D G C F A, but remember the 2nd string (F). So what you do is take the note that would naturally preceed it which is of course E, so the note order of the 5th Fret is A D G C E A
A good checkpoint at this stage is to see if the note on the thinnest string is the same as the fattest because this tells us we have done it correctly
You MUST remember the 2nd string rule.Always take the note that comes before it on the chromatic ascending scale.The Scale goes : A A# B C C# D D# E F F# G G# A
Disclaimer - This isn't meant to be complete in any way, I'm trying to provide a little background and basic knowledge for people who are interested.