Have you ever wondered what the dots are for? Aside from being handy position markers, they also mark the equal division of the length of your strings. The 12th fret being the exact center point of your string's vibration. For each dot marked on your fingerboard, you can produce a sound called a natural harmonic. A harmonic has a chime or bell like sound and can be used to add some very interesting textures to a lead or rhythm part.
To produce a harmonic, try lightly touching your 6th string directly above the 12th fret (not the fret "space" but the fret itself) then pick the string you are fretting. It should produce a sound one octave higher than the open string note. If you remove your finger from the fretted string the harmonic should continue ringing. Tip: Try not to press to hard (you just barely need to touch it) if your harmonic is not ringing clearly try moving your finger slightly to the left or right.
You can also try strumming all of the harmonics on a fret. For this, barre across all of you strings on the 7th fret with your index finger. Again, just barely touch the strings directly above the fret. Now strum down all of your strings. This should should sound almost harp like.
Below is a harmonic lick in E Minor
All notes should be played as natural harmonics. Enjoy!!
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